Pacific island nations suffered severe depopulation from introduced diseases as a consequence of contact with European vessels, a new study shows. The research indicates population declines were a lot larger than previously thought and shows a big reassessment of the impact of globalization in the 19th century.The place of artificial intelligence, AI, in our everyday life is increasing and many researchers believe that what we have seen so far is only the beginning. However, AI must be trustworthy in all situations. A new project has drawn up a research-based roadmap intended to guide research funding bodies and decision-makers towards the trustworthy […]A new study involving more than 879,000 participants published this week challenges the assumption that liking an outgroup means disliking your ingroup. It sheds light on a 1940s study in which Black girls preferred white dolls over Black dolls.Helping children become more 'digitally resilient' needs to be a collective effort if they are to learn how to 'thrive online', according to new research. Digital resilience is the capability to learn how to recognize, manage and recover from online risks -- such as bullying and inappropriate content -- and has the potential to buffer […]Landslides are inevitable, but landslide disasters are not. With this in mind, the U.S. Geological Survey has released a new report that details the strategic actions necessary to equitably reduce the Nation's risk from landslide hazards.Millions more people across the globe are relying on our endangered coral reefs than 20 years ago, according to new figures into population growth in coastal areas.Fake it until you make is true for children, too, it turns out: Young girls playing the role of a successful female scientist, like Marie Curie, persist longer at a challenging science game. The new study suggests that gender-matched science role-playing may help tighten the gender gap in science and related careers for women by […]A new study systematically investigates flooding risk to hospitals on the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts from Category 1-4 storms and finds that even relatively weak storms pose a serious flood risk to hospitals along the coast. Sea level rise expected in this century due to the effects of climate change increases the odds of hospital […]A new study found that 24-month-old children who spent less than 60 minutes looking at screens each day and those who engaged in at least 60 minutes of daily physical activity had better executive function than their peers. Executive function includes the ability to remember, plan, pay attention, shift between tasks and regulate one's thoughts […]Today, machine learning helps determine the loan we qualify for, the job we get, and even who goes to jail. But when it comes to these potentially life-altering decisions, can computers make a fair call? Researchers have shown that with human supervision, people think a computer's decision can be as fair as a decision primarily […]• University of Freiburg study on vocabulary acquisition uses novel game-based design • Study results: Children of primary school age can benefit from long-term experience with multiple accents when learning words in unfamiliar accents from other children • Bilingualism, on the other hand, did not lead to corresponding effects in vocabulary learningResearchers show that powerful hierarchical situations make it easier to commit harmful actions, as agency and empathy are split across multiple individuals.The risk of burnout and poor experienced teacher-working environment fit is increased among teachers with persistent turnover intentions. However, positive experiences in the workplace seem to protect against cynicism and exhaustion, according to a new study.Peace and environmental sustainability -- two lofty but vital goals for all countries -- are known to be intrinsically related, according to new research. However, researchers still tend to investigate them separately, and, when they are viewed together, it is often with broad strokes, with little examination into the nuances of either peace or environmental […]A new report outlines a model law for facial recognition technology to protect against harmful use of this technology, but also foster innovation for public benefit.A new scoring tool that helps to 'transparently' prioritize which countries are in greatest need of COVID-19 vaccines, has been developed by researchers.Smartphone users will be disappointed if they expect their devices and social media to fill their need for purpose and meaning. In fact, it will probably do the opposite, researchers determined in a new study.Collaborative group work is increasingly prioritized across higher education, particularly in the life sciences and STEM-related fields. But how students communicate within these smaller groups is key to their success. New research suggests that students who understand what they do and do not know, and who are willing to ask for clarification and correct misinformation […]Children have a secret power that helps them avoid a 'learning trap' that adults may sometimes fall into: Kids just can't focus their attention.New research shows that consumers are willing to pay extra for products that give them more to feel.