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  • Study links adoption of electric vehicles with less air pollution and improved health 02.02.2023
    A team of researchers have now begun to document the actual impact of electric vehicle adoption in the first study to use real-world data to link electric cars, air pollution and health. Leveraging publicly available datasets, the researchers analyzed a 'natural experiment' occurring in California as residents in the state rapidly transitioned to electric cars, […]
  • Engineers examine drinking water management strategies 02.02.2023
    While residents in California are still dealing with damage from last month's floods -- after years of devastating droughts -- engineers are looking at better ways to manage the delivery of safe drinking water to homes. Things to consider include a changing climate, costs and sustainability.
  • Learning with all your senses: Multimodal enrichment as the optimal learning strategy of the future 01.02.2023
    Neuroscientists have compiled extensive interdisciplinary findings from neuroscience, psychology, computer modelling and education on the topic of 'learning' in a recent review article. The results of the interdisciplinary review reveal the mechanisms the brain uses to achieve improved learning outcome by combining multiple senses or movements in learning. This kind of learning outcome applies to […]
  • Climate change may cut US forest inventory by a fifth this century 01.02.2023
    A study found that under more severe climate warming scenarios, the inventory of trees used for timber in the continental United States could decline by as much as 23% by 2100. The largest inventory losses would occur in two of the leading timber regions in the U.S., which are both in the South.
  • Protected areas fail to safeguard more than 75% of global insect species 01.02.2023
    Insects play crucial roles in almost every ecosystem -- they pollinate more than 80% of plants and are a major source of food for thousands of vertebrate species -- but insect populations are collapsing around the globe, and they continue to be overlooked by conservation efforts. Protected areas can safeguard threatened species but only if […]
  • Better eyewitness lineup improves accuracy, detecting innocence 01.02.2023
    Researchers have developed and repeatedly tested a procedure that captures more information from eyewitnesses and improves the accuracy of lineups in police investigations.
  • Genomic methods aid study of Seattle 2017-2022 Shigella outbreak 01.02.2023
    A genomic study of a sustained, multidrug-resistant Shigellosis outbreak in Seattle from 2017 to 2022 enabled scientists to retrace its origin and spread. Additional analysis of the gut pathogen and its transmission patterns helped direct approaches to testing, treatment, and public health responses. The aim of the study was to better understand the community transmission […]
  • 1. 5-degree goal not plausible: Social change more important than physical tipping points 01.02.2023
    Limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius is currently not plausible, as is shown in a new, central study. Climate policy, protests, and the Ukraine crisis: the participating researchers systematically assessed to what extent social changes are already underway -- while also analyzing certain physical processes frequently discussed as tipping points. Their conclusion: social change […]
  • China's stricter clean heating policies may have saved thousands of lives 01.02.2023
    China's stricter clean heating policies have improved air quality in northern China, particularly in Beijing and surrounding cities -- potentially reducing 23,000 premature deaths due to air pollution in 2021 than in 2015, a new study reveals.
  • Why reflecting on your values before opening your mouth makes for happier relationships 01.02.2023
    A new psychology study finds that if people are asked to reflect on their life values before engaging in discussions, debates are more convivial and harmonious.
  • More variability helps learning 31.01.2023
    Variable stimuli influence learning processes in the visual system.
  • Can a computer teach babies to count? 31.01.2023
    A recent study of 81 babies between 14 and 19 months old found the same outcome: When these babies watched a video where they were shown pictures of toy cars and toy pigs and listened to someone count out loud prior to the toys being hidden in a box -- similar to an earlier study […]
  • An illuminated water droplet creates an 'optical atom' 31.01.2023
    Shining light on a water droplet creates effects analogous to what happens in an atom. This can help us understand how atoms work, write researchers.
  • Tuning into brainwave rhythms speeds up learning in adults, study finds 31.01.2023
    First study to show that delivering information at the natural tempo of our neural pulses accelerates our ability to learn. Participants who got a simple 1.5-second visual cue at their personal brainwave frequency were at least three times faster when it came to improving at a cognitive task. When researchers tested participants again the next […]
  • Short-term bang of fireworks has long-term impact on wildlife 31.01.2023
    Popular fireworks should be replaced with cleaner drone and laser light shows to avoid the 'highly damaging' impact on wildlife, domestic pets and the broader environment, new research has found.
  • Researchers make recommendations for diversifying syllabi in higher education 30.01.2023
    Researchers set up a structure that helps them systematically go through different types of resources and figure out if they meet the aims of diversifying syllabi.
  • UK substantially underestimates its methane emissions from oil and gas production -- and many other countries probably do too 27.01.2023
    Scientists develop a newer, more accurate method for calculating methane emissions from offshore oil and gas production that suggests the United Kingdom severely underestimates its greenhouse gas emissions. Researchers conclude that as much as five times more methane is being leaked from oil and gas production than reported.
  • Outlook for the blue economy 27.01.2023
    A handful of hyper-productive fisheries provide sustenance to a billion people and employ tens of millions. These fisheries occur on the eastern edges of the world's oceans -- off the West Coast of the U.S., the Canary Islands, Peru, Chile, and Benguela. There, a process called upwelling brings cold water and nutrients to the surface, […]
  • Events serve as 'stepping stones' en route to retrieved memories 26.01.2023
    Lost your keys again? You might retrace your steps by scanning your memory using certain event boundaries -- when one event ends (say, walking in the door with your keys) and another begins (checking your phone, turning on the TV).
  • New study suggests that when forecasting trends, reading a bar chart versus a line graph biases our judgement 26.01.2023
    A new study suggests that the format in which graphs are presented may be biasing people into being too optimistic or pessimistic about the trends the graphs display. Academics found that when people made predictions about how a trend would develop over time, they made lower judgements when the trend was presented as a 'bar […]